A study of the Greek word huiothesia (Strong's 5206).
Strong's Exhaustive Concordance:
"5206. huiothesia ... the placing as a son."
The words in bold in the following verses, unless otherwise noted, are the King James Version translations of the Greek word huiothesia, and represent every occurrence of huiothesia in the New Testament.
Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption [RSV, Moffatt, NIV: the spirit of sonship; AMP: the Spirit producing sonship; NEB: a Spirit that makes us sons; GNT: the Spirit makes you God's children], whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.
23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption [Fenton: the sonship; Moffatt: our full sonship; AMP: our manifestation as God's sons; NEB, GNT: God to make us his sons; NCV: God to finish making us his own children], to wit, the redemption of our body.
Romans 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption [RSV: to them belong the sonship; Moffat: theirs is the Sonship; NEB: they were made God's sons; GNT: he made them his sons], and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;
5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:
4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons [NIV: receive the full rights of sons; Fenton: receive the sonship; NEB: attain the status of sons; Moffatt: have our sonship; Phillips: become the sons of God; GNT: become God's sons; NCV: become his children].
6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children [NCV: to make us his own children; GNT: that ... he would make us his sons; RSV, Moffatt: to be his sons] by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
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